Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973) is remembered for her many international literary prizes as well as her activism.
"In fact, to convince Americans of their superiority over the Filipinos, demonstrate the savagery and uncivilized nature of Filipinos, and rationalize their civilization and benevolent intention in the Philippines, the United States brought over 1,100 Filipinos to the St. Louis World's Fair in 1902 and sequestered them in what was called “The Philippine Reservation. . . .”
Hypodescent: The ordering of people along a hierarchy of color, is prevalent in almost every society today, solidified by nation-state structures of power and form. In the ordering of color, the term for the ordering of people from the top that is lightest in color (white), and gradually lower to … Continue Reading Colonial Theory: Race & Gender Hierarchy = Hypodescent
"It is not easy to escape mentally from a concrete situation, to refuse its ideology while continuing to live with its actual relationships."
–Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized
“What does it mean to be haunted by a history of division and destruction, then to migrate and become assimilated into a country that had an active role in creating and maintaining that division?”
“The Marginalization of Afro-Asians in East Asia: Globalization and the Creation of Subculture and Hybrid Identity” by Sierra Reicheneker from Global Tides: Pepperdine Journal of International Studies
Letter to Myself as a Newborn by Kenji Liu (Kyoto, Japan) Thirty-two years ago. 4:12 pm. A forest, river and hospital.